History of Banaskantha – Largest District of Gujarat

History of Banaskantha - Largest District
Written by Apeksha D

Banaskantha – the soil that has majestic historical roots of Gujarat.

History of Banaskantha - Latest View 2021

The district is the third largest district of Gujarat and is located in North eastern region of the state. The only district that exclusively connected through borders of 4 others districts that is Patan, Mehsana, Sabarkantha, Kutchand 1 state – Rajasthan.This District was named as Banaskantha  after river “Banas” following from the lake Dhebar situated on the hills of Udaipur, Rajasthan. The District’s  Head Quarter is in Palanpur.



Taking glance to the great Palanpur city which has ancient royal history of rulers and emergence of BANASKANTHA . The city Palanpur was earlier known from  Prahaladanapura. The Jain texts mentions that Prahladana, brother of paramara  Dharavarsha of Abu, founded Prahaladanapura in 1218 and built Prahladana-vihara dedicated to Pallaviya Parshwanatha. The Nawab was kind even  grateful to the residents as the area was having majority of Jain community . To help them growing their business  he recommended these new jewelry merchants to other royal families in the country and also in Nepal. Many of the residents started moving to Bombay hoping to make a name for themselves in the business of jewelry, especially as diamond Merchants. Palanpur with passage of time  it has become so famous for diamonds and now is been renowned as city of diamonds. Palanpur State was dissolved in 1949 and amalgamated with India as a component of Bombay State after India’s independence in 1947. By 1960 again the Bombay borders where bifurcated and the picturesque fell in Gujarat state  Palanpur was afterwards made the capital of Gujarat’s Banaskantha district.



Since then, district started developing in size and population in every area with its specialty. The retail cloth industry and the presence of the town’s diaspora in the textile and diamond sectors boosted the town’s economic operations. In 1969, the Banas Dairy, a cooperative dairy group, was founded. The district’s economy is built on agriculture and food processing, tourism, textiles, and mineral extraction. In terms of vegetable output, the district is in first place. Banaskantha contributes considerably to the State’s agricultural production, ranking first in the production of potatoes in India and one of the country’s major producers of Isabgul (Psyllium husk). The district’s food processing business is well-known, particularly for vegetable oils and Vanaspati.

Banaskantha is the third largest producer of oil seeds in the state 2021

After Junagadh and Jamnagar, Banaskantha is the third largest producer of oil seeds in the state. The district’s other important crops are bajra, maize, tobacco, castor oil, and jowar. Granite tiles and marble blocks are manufactured by major medium and large-scale enterprises (MSI and LSI) in the Banaskantha area.

In all, the district has great essence with varied specialties in every field rich with greatness of spirituality  surrounding the area.

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Apeksha D

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